The Latin term obesity means severe or pathological overweight. It is also translated as “obesity” or “obesity”.
In Germany, about a quarter of the adult population is obese. More than half of the adult population is overweight. The World Health Organization distinguishes weight classes on the basis of the body mass index (BMI). The higher the weight class, the higher the health risks (elevated blood sugar, elevated blood pressure, elevated blood lipids, vascular disease, respiratory disease, and overall poor health).
According to this, overweight corresponds to a BMI of 25.0 to 29.9. Obesity is further divided into three classes: Grade I BMI: 30.0 to 34.9; Grade II BMI: 35.0 to 39.9; Grade III BMI above 40.0. Obesity increases the risks of anesthesia and surgery, especially the risks of thrombosis and embolism, wound healing problems, and inflammation.